Common Forms of Birth Control Used in Family Planning


Birth control is more effective and safe than it has ever been in the past, and now there are many options to choose from. Though you should always discuss this decision with your doctor, here is a jumping off point to let you know what kinds of methods are out there.

Spermicide, Condoms, and Diaphragms

The least invasive methods of birth control are the ones that you use as a blocking device to keep the sperm away from the eggs. Condoms and diaphragms are easy to use, but many complain that it takes away from the sensation of making love. Spermicide should always been used in addition to condoms or diaphragms and should not be the main method of birth control.


IUDs (Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices) are a long-term birth control devices that are becoming more and more popular. They are placed in the woman's uterus and remain effective for 5 to 10 years depending on which device is used. IUDs with hormones may reduce breast milk in nursing mothers, and IUDs without hormones may give you more severe periods, so you should discuss these with your doctor.

Monthly Contraceptives

Another method of contraception is monthly regulation. You can take a pill every day or you can get a monthly shot to make sure that you don't get pregnant. These methods are usually cheap or covered by insurance, but you need to remember to take this birth control regularly so that it remains effective.

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