Disorders Found through Prenatal Screening Tests

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When you're pregnant, you will have many doctor's appointments to ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Depending on your situation and the results of previous tests, your doctor may recommend that you have some prenatal testing to determine if your baby will have a certain birth defect or disorder. There are many conditions that can be detected through prenatal testing, and we'd like to tell you about a couple of them.

Neural Tube Defects

A fetus's neural tubes develop very early in pregnancy; occasionally, malformation in these tubes can occur, which can cause serious defects in the fetus's development. There are several kinds of neural tube defects; the different varieties can affect the spine, brain, and skull of the developing baby. In some cases in-utero surgery can be done to minimize these defects. At the very least, knowing about the defect before the child is born can help the parents plan and prepare to care for a child with these conditions.

Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder in which the child has an extra copy of chromosome 21 in their genetic makeup. This condition causes stunted physical and mental development, with most Down syndrome adults having an IQ equivalent to a child of 8 or 9 years old. This genetic disorder can be discovered through prenatal screenings so that parents can prepare for and make decisions regarding the child's care.

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